Draws upon the Uniform Partition of Heirs Property Act authored by Thomas W. Mitchell
Provisions in the Farm Bill, which passed both chambers of Congress late last year, help heirs’ property owners maintain ownership of their property and, for the first time, access government assistance programs when they have farming and ranching operations.
The provisions specifically reference and significantly draw upon the(UPHPA) authored by Texas A&M University School of Law professor and former interim dean who began working on heirs’ property reform in 2007. Eleven states have enacted the UPHPA into law since 2011. Now, the Farm Bill gives the other states more incentive to do the same.
“Just as the UPHPA, a model state statute, influenced the development of the federal Farm Bill, the Farm Bill now may influence the development of state law,” Mitchell said. “The two provisions of the Farm Bill that reference and draw upon the UPHPA may well encourage more states to enact the UPHPA into law in order to enable disadvantaged farmers and ranchers in those states to have the maximum benefits of the new Farm Bill provisions.”
Past pitfalls of heirs’ property ownership
Widespread throughout rural and urban America, heirs’ property ownership is often the result of property owners failing to make a will and is considered the most unstable form of common property ownership in the United States. In part, this instability stems from poorly constructed and counterintuitive laws governing partition lawsuits that are, consequently, poorly understood by many heirs’ property owners. Therefore, a large number of these property owners, who in the aggregate have owned more than a million acres of land in the U.S., have had their land forcibly sold against their will for prices often below market value as a result of court-ordered partition sales, which many deem unjust.
“This affects all of us because heirs’ properties owners are embedded in our communities,” Mitchell said. “Heirs’ properties typically are valued much less than they otherwise would be, and the lower valuations have inhibited the ability of heirs’ property owners to build wealth, and have had negative impacts on community development in many places throughout the U.S., in part, because of the suppressed local and county tax revenue these properties generate.”
Mitchell drafted the UPHPA to significantly improve the ability of heirs’ property owners to maintain ownership of their properties, which have been in families for generations in many cases, and preserve their real estate wealth.
Heirs’ property ownership under the new Farm Bill
Another provision of the Farm Bill allocates federal funding to nonprofit organizations that provide legal assistance to help heirs’ property owners resolve title problems and reorganize ownership of their property into more secure and healthy legal forms. Disadvantaged farmers and ranchers who own heirs’ property in the states that have enacted the UPHPA into law are given priority consideration for the new legal assistance made possible by the Farm Bill.
Read more about Mitchell’s work and the three key reforms achieved by the UPHPA on.