Dr. Hossain was awarded the grant for his research on behalf of the Bangladesh-Sweden-Netherlands collaborative project, “Development of Udder Health Control Programme in Dairy Cows in Bangladesh” on the prevalence, risk factors and etiology of subclinical mastitis (SCM), an infection of the udder that is a major issue on Bangladeshi dairy farms.
“Chattogram (previously called Chittagong), the part of Bangladesh I grew up in, is well known for its dairy industry,” said Dr. Hossain. “With a first hand knowledge of dairy farmers’ struggle to control mastitis, my mission is to understand its epidemiology so that we can identify preventive measures and help farmers to improve the health and productivity of their cattle.”
Dr. Hossain found the prevalence of SCM was 78% at the herd level and 50% at cow level. The most commonly identified pathogens werenon-aureus staphylococci (38.1%) and Streptococci (29.5%) followed by Staphylococcus (S.) aureus (4.4%) and E. coli (1.9%). Poor udder health related to mastitis, including SCM, impacts cow welfare and results in economic losses through the reduction of milk yields, milk discards due to bacterial contamination and veterinary intervention costs.
In future research, Dr. Hossaim aims to understand the drivers of mastitis transmission in order to identify preventive measures. In collaboration with Utrecht University in The Netherlands, Dr. Hossain will investigate the molecular epidemiology of mastitis pathogens via whole genome sequencing, focusing primarily on S.aureus cultured from cows in the Chattogram area of Bangladesh.
Through our sponsorship of the Gustav Rosenberger Memorial Award, MSD Animal Health not only aims to advance ruminant veterinary science but also aims to advance the Science of Prevention. This is to address the disease across the entire lifecycle. It aims to help educate veterinarians and producers on how to implement prevention methods before the animal is born, when it is growing up, and during production in adulthood to effectively improve animal health, wellbeing and productivity.
The three pillars of The Science of Prevention are disease:
- avoidance, achieved through good animal husbandry, stress-free housing, vaccination, hygiene and nutrition
- prompt diagnosis and treatment, aimed at preventing the spread of disease
- disease severity and complications; and the health restoration of affected animals.
For more information about the Gustav Rosenberger Memorial Fund, please go to https://gustavrosenberger.com.
For more information about EBC 2019, please go to www.europeanbovinecongress2019.com/programme/.